How to Invest in Invesco QQQ Trust

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The Invesco QQQ ETF Trust (QQQ 0.64%) is a favorite among growth-minded investors. The passively managed exchange-traded fund (ETF) tracks the tech-heavy Nasdaq-100 index and has outperformed the S&P 500 index over the past 10 years, with returns of about 400% vs. 175%. But the ETF carries substantial risks and tends to suffer steeper losses than the S&P 500 index during bear markets.

This article will cover how to invest in the Invesco QQQ ETF. You’ll learn about the fund’s largest holdings, its dividend history, expense ratio, and more so that you can decide whether the ETF fits with your financial goals.

What is the Invesco QQQ ETF?

What is the Invesco QQQ ETF?

The Invesco QQQ ETF is a collection of stocks that tracks the performance of the 100 largest non-financial stocks listed on the Nasdaq Stock Exchange. Founded in 1999, it’s the second-most-widely traded ETF in the U.S., topped only by the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (SPY 0.46%). The QQQ is the fifth-largest ETF in the U.S., with about $258 billion in assets under management.

Like its benchmark index, the Invesco QQQ ETF is market-cap weighted, meaning that each company’s representation in the fund’s holdings is determined by its market capitalization. The fund is dominated by tech stocks, which account for about 59% of its holdings, followed by consumer discretionary stocks (18%) and healthcare stocks (6%).

Invesco launched another fund called the Invesco NASDAQ 100 ETF (QQQM 0.64%) in 2020 that also tracks the Nasdaq-100 index. The QQQM has lower fees than the QQQ, which may make it more appealing to retail investors. However, the QQQ is far more liquid than the QQQM, which is why high-volume traders like institutional investors and day traders still tend to prefer the QQQ.

How to invest

How to buy Invesco QQQ ETF

To invest in ETFs, including the Invesco QQQ ETF, you’ll follow the exact same steps you’d follow if you were buying an individual stock. If you’re a new investor or could use a refresher, here’s how to buy shares.

  1. Open a brokerage account: Before you buy shares of the Invesco QQQ ETF, first you’ll need to open a brokerage account. Alternatively, if you’re investing in ETFs for the long term, you could open an individual retirement account (IRA) to lock in tax advantages. You can easily open either account online in just a few minutes by providing a few key pieces of information, like your Social Security number and date of birth. Then, you’ll need to fund your account.
  2. Figure out your budget: Before you place your order, determine how much you want to invest. In the past, you needed at least the price of one share to invest in ETFs, but because many brokerages now offer fractional investing, you can often specify a dollar amount and receive the corresponding amount of shares. For example, if an ETF is trading at $400 and you only want to invest $50, you could specify that you’re investing $50 and receive one-eighth of a share. You’ll also need to decide whether you want to make a one-time investment or set up recurring amounts to invest.
  3. Do your homework: Before you invest your hard-earned money, make sure you’ve done your research on the Invesco QQQ ETF. Make sure you’ve read the fund’s investment prospectus and are familiar with its holdings and the risks involved. Doing your homework also involves looking at your current investments and determining where the ETF fits in. For example, are you hoping to gain additional exposure to growth stocks? How much overlap is there between the Invesco QQQ ETF and the other ETFs and stocks you currently own?
  4. Place an order: If you’re satisfied that the Invesco QQQ ETF aligns with your goals, it’s time to place an order. You’ll enter the ticker (QQQ), the number or dollar value of the shares you want to buy, and whether you’re placing a market order or limit order. (The Motley Fool recommends a market order since it guarantees your order is filled at the market price.) Then, place your order to buy shares of the Invesco QQQ ETF.

Should I invest?

Should I invest in the Invesco QQQ ETF?

The Invesco QQQ ETF comes with a relatively high level of risk, so it’s not appropriate for every investor. Here are a few situations where investing in the QQQ makes sense, as well as some times you should pass.

Consider investing in the Invesco QQQ ETF if:

  • You have a long time horizon: You generally want to avoid putting money in the stock market if you think you may need it within the next few years. But that’s especially true with investments like the Invesco QQQ ETF, which tends to be more volatile than the overall stock market. The QQQ isn’t the right choice for your emergency fund, down payment, or money you’ll need next year for your kid’s college tuition.
  • You wouldn’t lose sleep if the investment loses money: The QQQ has outperformed the S&P 500 in the past decade but has suffered steeper losses during stock market downturns. In 2022, for example, the fund lost about one-third of its value, while the S&P 500 only dropped by about 18%. If you think you’d sell your shares in a panic if the ETF’s price tanked, the QQQ probably isn’t for you.
  • You’re looking for more tech exposure: There’s a lot of overlap between the stocks in the Invesco QQQ ETF and those in an S&P 500 index fund or a total stock market fund, so if you’re already investing in one of the latter two funds, the QQQ won’t provide much diversification. However, if you want more exposure to the high-growth companies in the Nasdaq, many of which are in the tech sector, the QQQ could be a fit.

The Invesco QQQ ETF probably isn’t right for you if:

  • You don’t already have a diversified portfolio: If you’re a new investor or you only own a couple of individual stocks, consider investing in S&P 500 index funds before you buy shares of the QQQ ETF. An S&P 500 fund is a much more diversified investment than the QQQ ETF. You can add the QQQ later on if you decide you want more exposure to the growth stocks that dominate the fund’s holdings.
  • You have a low risk tolerance: The Invesco QQQ ETF has a beta of 1.18, which means it’s about 18% more volatile than the overall stock market. If you’re not comfortable with a higher level of volatility, avoid this ETF.
  • You’re looking for investment income: The QQQ has an annual dividend yield of 0.6% as of this writing, which is fairly paltry. Growth stocks usually don’t pay hefty dividends because they reinvest their profits into the business. If you want investment income, a dividend ETF or a value stock ETF is a better option.

The ETF’s holdings

Holdings of Invesco QQQ ETF

The Invesco QQQ ETF consists of the 100 largest non-financial stocks that trade on the Nasdaq Exchange. Though it’s not a sector ETF that focuses on tech stocks, the majority of its holdings are in the technology sector. In fact, Costco is the only non-tech company represented in its top 10 holdings. As of May 3, 2024, the ETF’s largest holdings were:

  1. Microsoft (MSFT 0.69%): 8.62%
  2. Apple (AAPL 0.62%): 8.08%
  3. Nvidia (NVDA 1.06%): 6.33%
  4. Amazon (AMZN 0.27%): 5.52%
  5. Meta Platforms Class A (META 0.82%): 4.51%
  6. Broadcom (AVGO 3.18%): 4.37%
  7. Alphabet Class A (GOOGL 0.71%): 2.81%
  8. Alphabet Class C (GOOG 0.6%): 2.71%
  9. Tesla (TSLA 3.29%): 2.49%
  10. Costco (COST 0.35%): 2.43%

Altogether, the Invest QQQ ETF’s 10 largest holdings account for about 48% of its weighting by market capitalization. Note that all 10 of these stocks are already represented in the S&P 500 index. If you already own an S&P 500 index fund or a similar ETF or mutual fund that tracks most of the U.S. stock market, the Invesco QQQ ETF won’t do much to diversify your portfolio. Rather, it will provide additional exposure to many of the same underlying stocks.

ETF Expense Ratio

Annual fee as a percentage of assets that an Exchange-Traded Fund charges investors for management and operational costs.

Expense ratio

What is the Invesco QQQ ETF’s expense ratio?

An ETF expense ratio is the percentage of your investment that goes toward fees when you purchase a fund. The Invesco QQQ ETF’s expense ratio is 0.2%, which means $20 of a $10,000 investment would go toward fees, while the remaining $9,980 would be invested in the fund.

It’s important to be aware of expense ratios because even small fees can erode your investment returns over time.


Does the Invesco QQQ ETF pay a dividend?

The Invesco QQQ ETF pays a quarterly dividend determined by the dividend payments that the companies in the fund make to shareholders. As of May 2024, the annual dividend yield was 0.60%. By comparison, the S&P 500 index’s dividend yield was about 1.4% for the same period.

It’s not surprising that the Invesco QQQ ETF’s dividend yield is modest. Growth stocks don’t typically provide generous dividends because they use their profits to fuel expansion rather than paying extra cash for shareholders. If you’re seeking investment income, a dividend ETF will be a better pick than the Invesco QQQ Trust.

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Historical performance

Historical performance of the Invesco QQQ ETF

If you’d invested $10,000 in the Invesco QQQ ETF a decade ago, you’d have more than $50,000 today. The QQQ has delivered higher returns than the S&P 500 in the long term, although past performance is no guarantee of future returns.

Not surprisingly, it tends to fare worse than the S&P 500 when the stock market is performing poorly, though. That’s because in turbulent times, investors often turn to value stocks instead of the growth stocks that are heavily represented in the QQQ.

Historical returns: Invesco QQQ ETF
1-year 39.62%
3-year 12.62%
5-year 20.87%
10-year 18.82%

Source: Invesco. Data current as of March 31, 2024.

The bottom line on the Invesco QQQ ETF

The Invesco QQQ ETF deserves consideration if you can afford to take a relatively high level of risk. However, due to its heavy concentration in the tech sector, it’s not a substitute for an S&P 500 ETF or a total stock market index fund, both of which provide a lot more diversification. Consider buying shares of the ETF only if you already have a well-diversified mix of investments and are looking for more exposure to high-growth tech stocks.


Investing in Invesco QQQ ETF FAQs

How do I buy Invesco QQQ Trust?



To buy the Invesco QQQ Trust, you’ll need to open and fund a brokerage account. From there, you’ll buy the ETF by following the same steps you’d take to buy an individual stock: You’ll enter the ticker (QQQ), the number of shares you want or the dollar value of your investment, and whether you’re placing a market or limit order. Then, you’ll place your order.

How much does it cost to invest in Invesco QQQ?



A single share of the Invesco QQQ ETF cost about $440 as of early May 2024. However, many major platforms offer fractional shares, allowing you to invest as little as $1 or $5 and receive a corresponding percentage of a share. Because most major brokerages have eliminated commissions and trading, you could invest in the Invesco QQQ for just $1, depending on what platform you choose.

What is the minimum investment for Invesco QQQ Trust?



There’s no minimum investment for the Invesco QQQ Trust. If your brokerage doesn’t allow fractional trading, you’ll need to cough up the full price for a single share. But if your brokerage offers fractional shares, you can often invest a much smaller amount, sometimes as little as $1.

How do I buy Invesco QQQ ETF?



The Invesco QQQ ETF is the same as the Invesco QQQ Trust. No matter what you call it, the steps are the same: Open and fund a brokerage account, enter the ticker, decide how much to invest, choose between a market order vs. a limit order, and place your order.

Suzanne Frey, an executive at Alphabet, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. John Mackey, former CEO of Whole Foods Market, an Amazon subsidiary, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. Randi Zuckerberg, a former director of market development and spokeswoman for Facebook and sister to Meta Platforms CEO Mark Zuckerberg, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. Robin Hartill has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has positions in and recommends Alphabet, Amazon, Apple, Costco Wholesale, Meta Platforms, Microsoft, Nvidia, and Tesla. The Motley Fool recommends Broadcom and recommends the following options: long January 2026 $395 calls on Microsoft and short January 2026 $405 calls on Microsoft. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.